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Project finished in 2017

RAINBIO

African biodiversity dynamics: interactions between ecological processes and conservation actions 

RAINBIO

As a result of climate change and anthropogenic pressures such as deforestation for timber exploitation or urbanization, Africa’s tropical rainforests are undergoing major changes. In order to be able to effectively preserve these fragile environments with a high diversity of species, it is essential to be able to assess their current state and estimate their evolution in the coming years.

 

Sustainable management of an environment requires a complete and up-to-date database on the abundance, nature and distribution of the species present in this environment. These information can be linked with other factors to develop models and scenarios. As for Africa’s tropical rainforests, a large amount of data has already been collected, but these remain difficult to access and incomplete.

 

The project RAINBIO aimed to fill these gaps:

  • by creating and maintaining a free database of African tropical plants and compiling existing data from public or private sources,
  • by analysing metadata in order to be able to accurately generate scenarios on the biodiversity dynamics of tropical rainforests in Africa.

 

This involved, on the one hand, identifying areas of “high research priority” for which data are currently insufficient, and on the other hand, defining regions with “high conservation priority” that were likely to experience major changes.

 

More information about Rainbio and their free database.

 
 
CESAB Rainbio

© CESAB Rainbio

 

 

Watch a video on the publication “Exploring the floristic diversity of tropical Africa” in BMC Biology on YouTube:

More information

RAINBIO brings together experts in tropical ecology, phylogeny, modelling, phytogeography, conservation biology, botany, statistics and political sciences.

PI:

 

Thomas COUVREUR – IRD Montpellier (France)

Postdoc:

 

Gilles DAUBY – IRD Montpellier (France)

Participants:

 

Anne BLACH-OVERGAARD – Aarhus University (Denmark); Sonké BONAVENTURE – University of Yaoundé (Cameroon); Vincent DEBLAUWE – IRD (France); Vincent DROISSART – IRD Yaoundé (Cameroon); Olivier HARDY – University of Bruxelles (Belgium); David HARRIS – Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh (UK); Steven JANSSENS – National Botanic Gardens of Belgium Meise (Belgium); Alexandra LEY – Halle University (Germany); Barbara MACKINDER – Kew Botanic Gardens (UK); Pierre SEPULCHRE – CNRS (France); Marc SOSEF – National Botanic Gardens of Belgium Meise (Belgium); Tariq STEVART – Missouri Botanic Gardens and University of Bruxelles (Belgium); Jens-Christian SVENNING – Aarhus University (Denmark); Jan WIERINGA – Wageningen University (The Netherlands); Reiner ZAISS – IRD (France); Steven DESSEIN – National Botanic Gardens of Belgium (Belgium).
publications

Dagallier LM, Janssens SB, Dauby G, Blach-Overgaard A, MacKinder BA, Droissart V, Svenning JC, Sosef MSM, Stévart T, Harris DJ, Sonké B, Wieringa JJ, Hardy OJ & Couvreur TLP (2019) Cradles and museums of generic plant diversity across tropical Africa. New Phytologist, accepted. doi: 10.1111/nph.16293.

 

Enquist BJ, Feng X, Boyle B, Maitner BS, Newman EA, Jorgensen PM, Roehrdanz PR, Thiers BM, Burger JR, Corlett RT, Couvreur TLP, Dauby G, Donoghue JC, Foden W, Lovett JC, Marquet PA, Merow C, Midgley G, Morueta-Holme N, Neves DM, Oliveira-Filho AT, Kraft NJB, Park DS, Peet RK, Pillet M, Serra-Diaz JM, Sandel B, Schildhauer MP, Símová I, Violle C, Wieringa JJ, Wiser SK, Hannah L, Svenning JC & McGill BJ (2019) The commonness of rarity: Global and future distribution of rarity across land plants. Science Advances, 5, eaaz0414. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz0414.

 

Stévart T, Dauby G, Lowry PP, Blach-Overgaard A, Droissart V, Harris DJ, MacKinder BA, Schatz GE, Sonké B, Sosef MSM, Svenning JC, Wieringa JJ & Couvreur TLP (2019) A third of the tropical African flora is potentially threatened with extinction. Science Advances, 5, eaax9444. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aax9444.

 

Cosiaux A, Gardiner LM, Stauffer FW, Bachman SP, Sonké B, Baker WJ & Couvreur TLP (2018) Low extinction risk for an important plant resource: Conservation assessments of continental African palms (Arecaceae/Palmae). Biological Conservation, 221, 323–333. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2018.02.025.

 

Couvreur TLP (2018) Unraveling rain forest biodiversity: An interview with Thomas Couvreur. BMC Biology, 16, 127. doi: 10.1186/s12915-018-0594-4.

 

Droissart V, Dauby G, Hardy OJ, Deblauwe V, Harris DJ, Janssens S, MacKinder BA, Blach-Overgaard A, Sonké B, Sosef MSM, Stévart T, Svenning JC, Wieringa JJ & Couvreur TLP (2018) Beyond trees: Biogeographical regionalization of tropical Africa. Journal of Biogeography, 45, 1153–1167. doi: 10.1111/jbi.13190.

 

Dauby G, Stévart T, Droissart V, Cosiaux A, Deblauwe V, Simo-Droissart M, Sosef MSM, Lowry PP, Schatz GE, Gereau RE & Couvreur TLP (2017) ConR: An R package to assist large-scale multispecies preliminary conservation assessments using distribution data. Ecology and Evolution, 7, 11292–11303. doi: 10.1002/ece3.3704.

 

Sosef MSM, Dauby G, Blach-Overgaard A, van der Burgt X, Catarino L, Damen T, Deblauwe V, Dessein S, Dransfield J, Droissart V, Duarte MC, Engledow H, Fadeur G, Figueira R, Gereau RE, Hardy OJ, Harris DJ, de Heij J, Janssens S, Klomberg Y, Ley AC, MacKinder BA, Meerts P, van de Poel JL, Sonké B, Stévart T, Stoffelen P, Svenning JC, Sepulchre P, Zaiss R, Wieringa JJ & Couvreur TLP (2017) Exploring the floristic diversity of tropical Africa. BMC Biology, 15, 15. doi: 10.1186/s12915-017-0356-8.

 

Dauby G, Zaiss R, Blach-Overgaard A, Catarino L, Damen T, Deblauwe V, Dessein S, Dransfield J, Droissart V, Duarte MC, Engledow H, Fadeur G, Figueira R, Gereau RE, Hardy OJ, Harris DJ, de Heij J, Janssens S, Klomberg Y, Ley AC, MacKinder BA, Meerts P, van de Poel JL, Sonké B, Sosef MSM, Stévart T, Stoffelen P, Svenning JC, Sepulchre P, van der Burgt X, Wieringa JJ & Couvreur TLP (2016) RAINBIO: A mega-database of tropical African vascular plants distributions. PhytoKeys, 74, 1–18. doi: 10.3897/phytokeys.74.9723.

 

Deblauwe V, Droissart V, Bose R, Sonké B, Blach-Overgaard A, Svenning JC, Wieringa JJ, Ramesh BR, Stévart T & Couvreur TLP (2016) Remotely sensed temperature and precipitation data improve species distribution modelling in the tropics. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 25, 443–454. doi: 10.1111/geb.12426.

 

RAINBIO in the media

Enquist BJ, et al. (2019) The commonness of rarity: Global and future distribution of rarity across land plants. Science Advances, 5, eaaz0414. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz0414.

RFI (Radio France International) (2017), La flore africaine enfin dévoilée.

Co-financeur