Climate change effects on exploited marine communities
The oceans account for more than 60% of monetized ecosystem services. Among these services, humankind critically depends on marine resources such as fish and benthic invertebrates for food and economic security. With ongoing fishing pressure and climate change strongly affecting the distribution and abundance of species at the global scale, our dependence on ocean ecosystem services urges us to better anticipate the future of marine resources and propose adaptive mitigation strategies.
While numerous projections of future species distributions have been produced, the expected alterations of trait structure within communities (i.e. the functional characteristics of species) have received far less attention. More precisely, we lack integrated models and scenarios to better predict and anticipate the mixed impacts of climate change and fishing pressure on the types of diversity in marine communities that ultimately determine their functioning.
By taking advantage of available data on long-term fish and invertebrate surveys, species traits, fisheries and the environment, the main goals of the MAESTRO project are thus:
- to characterize and assess the effects of climate and fishing on the functional diversity of exploited communities during the last three decades in the Northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea,
- to forecast how exploited communities will respond to the upcoming warming until the end of this century, and
- to investigate, for several climate change scenarios, alternative harvesting strategies targeting different species and trait groups in order to minimize the impacts of fishing on functional diversity.
Arnaud AUBER – IFREMER (France); Camille ALBOUY – IFREMER (France)
Grete Elisabeth DINESEN – Technical University of Denmark (Denmark); Kari Elsa ELLINGSEN – Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (Norway); Xavier HARLEY – OFB (France); Jeffrey HUTCHINGS – Dalhousi University (Canada); David KEITH – Fisheries and Oceans Canada (Canada); Kristin KLEISNER – Environmental Defense Fund (USA); Pascal LAFFARGUE – IFREMER (France); Fabien LEPRIEUR – Université de Montpellier (France); Matthew McLEAN – Dalhousie University (Canada); Katherine MILLS – Gulf of Maine Research Institute (USA); David MOUILLOT – Université de Montpellier (France); Marta RUFINO – Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera (Portugal); Nancy SHACKELL – Bedford Institute of Oceanography (Canada); Eric THIEBAUT – Station Biologique de Roscoff, Sorbone Université (France); Girt VAN HOEY – Flanders Research Institute of Agriculture (Belgium); Rita VASCONCELOS – Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera (Portugal); Antony VIERA – Comité Régional des Pêches Maritimes et des Elevages Marins (France).
MAESTRO brings together experts in conservation, climate-constrained modeling, benthology and fishery.