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Project ongoing since 2021


Synthesis of Neotropical Tree Biodiversity with Plot Inventories

SYNTREESYS © Jérôme Chave

The Neotropics have greater biodiversity than any other region of the world, but its biomes are under severe threat from climate and land use changes. Over recent years, plot inventory networks have successfully generated syntheses on biodiversity, ecology and ecosystem function that floristic surveys or herbarium data cannot provide. While these networks are now the basis for ecosystem and biome-level synopses, cross-biome, plot-based studies in the Neotropics are still very rare, mainly because of the lack of cross-network harmonization.


SynTreeSys will synthesize knowledge of Neotropical tree biodiversity across biomes, making an unparalleled compilation of forest and savanna inventory data, in order to dissect the patterns of diversity and abundance across biomes. SynTreeSys will systematically compare biomes, assess species extinction risk and the species vulnerability in Neotropical forests. The project is divided into different work-packages to:

  • harmonize cross-network datasets;
  • assess patterns and drivers of tree species diversity and dominance across Neotropical biomes detect, and map hotspots of exceptional species turnover;
  • evaluate threats to tree species, and their conservation status.


SynTreeSys will compile circa 8,000 plots from the seven network contributors to the project, across all major Neotropical biomes. The project will catalyze multiple new transnational and South-North collaborations, and the results will be of relevance for both the academic community and conservation institutions (e.g., IPBES, IUCN). SynTreeSys will bring together world-leading expertise in tropical ecology to generate a new and comprehensive evaluation of tree biodiversity across the Neotropics and its state of conservation.


PIs :


Jérôme CHAVE – CNRS (France); Adriane ESQUIVEL MUELBERT – University of Birmingham (United Kingdom)



Renato LIMA – FRB-CESAB (France)

ouvrir/fermer Participants:

Karina BANDA-R – Fundación Ecosistemas Secos de Colombia (Colombia); Luis CAYUELA – Université Rey Juan Carlos (Spain); Francisco CUESTA – Universidad de Las Americas UDLA (Ecuador);Géraldine DERROIRE – CIRAD (France); Kyle DEXTER – Université d’Edinbourg (United Kingdom); Claire FORTUNEL – IRD (France); Roy GONZALEZ-M – Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (Colombia); Tamara HEARTSILL-SCALLEY – USDA Forest Service (Porto Rico); Joice NUNEZ FERREIRA – Embrapa Amazonia Oriental (Brazil); Toby PENNINGTON – Université d’Exeter (United Kingdom); Oliver PHILLIPS – Université de Leeds (United Kingdom); Hans TER STEEGE – Université d’Amsterdam (Netherlands).

SynTreeSys brings together experts in tropical ecology, modelisation, conservation biology and botany. 


SynTreeSys was selected from the 2020 call for proposals. The project selection process was carried out by a committee of independent experts