Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international treaty adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Its objective is to develop national strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.
The three main goals of the CBD are:
- the conservation of biodiversity;
- the sustainable use of its elements;
- fair and equitable sharing of benefits from the exploitation of genetic resources.
The Convention on Biological Diversity has an international body to provide scientific advice: the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA). It uses national “focal points” to solicit experts. In France, this focal point role is carried out jointly by the FRB and the MNHN (National Museum of Natural History). These two institutions are part of the CBD French delegation, led by the Ministry in charge of the environment and the one in charge of foreign affairs.